Our Energy, Our Future
NRECA leaders: We must take on the fight to keep electricity affordable and reliable
In Mecklenburg County, Virginia, Helen Mull, a retired senior citizen, worries about increasing costs of food and fuel.
“Some months, if I didn’t have a little bit of money in reserve, I wouldn’t be able to pay all of my bills,” she said.
Last month her entire social security check — a mere $1,000 a month — went to paying county taxes and home insurance. And it isn’t just those living on fixed or lower incomes feeling the pinch. From the grocery store register to the gas pump, most folks are being squeezed by increasing prices.
Escalating costs for fuel, including coal and natural gas, and power plant construction materials like steel, concrete and copper, are pressuring electric cooperatives as well. Co-ops remain committed to providing safe, affordable and reliable electric power. But as prices for the basics continue to rise, affordability will be at risk if elected officials don’t advocate for sound solutions that protect consumers.
“This is the biggest consumer challenge electric cooperatives have faced since the inception of the rural electrification program,” said Glenn English, CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA).
“And all of this is happening before the implementation of any climate change policy. Curbing greenhouse gas emissions from power plants, while ensuring that our nation’s power needs are met, must include a blend of energy efficiency programs, advanced clean coal, nuclear, natural gas and renewable generation sources.”
Across the country, electric co-ops are stepping up to the challenge to keep electricity affordable in the face of what has become an industry-wide “perfect storm.” In looking out for their members, electric co-ops lead the utility industry in implementing energy efficiency programs and supplying power from renewable energy and other technologies still in development.
“Co-ops are on the cutting edge when it comes to testing and deploying new technologies, such as carbon capture and storage, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and advanced meter reading devices,” said John Holt, NRECA Senior Principal for Generation & Fuel. “Electric cooperatives are also recognized industry leaders in promoting energy efficiency to help consumer-members reduce electricity consumption and save money.”
But there is no simple, single solution to tackling the nation’s energy challenge, and even exciting new technologies like renewable energy resources aren’t a silver bullet. For example, to fully utilize the potential of renewable energy, at least 30,000 miles of high-voltage transmission lines (230 kV and greater) will need to be constructed to move energy generated at remote wind farms and other facilities to urban load centers. This will cost billions alone.
Siting and erecting transmission towers has long been a struggle, said Revis James, Director of the Energy Assessment Center at the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), a Palo Alto, Calif.-based non-profit consortium whose members include electric co-ops.
“Planning and permitting approvals take many years and run a gauntlet of not only federal, state and local governments, but also citizen and environmental activists. Even building 75 miles of transmission line poses a big challenge because of NIMBY [Not In My Backyard],” James said.
“While renewable generation sources are good assets and help address climate change, too much focus on them short-changes attention from how we’re going to address the greater generation capacity crunch facing the country,” Holt said.
According to the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), which oversees the reliability of the bulk power grid covering the United States, electricity use nationwide will grow more than twice as fast over the next 10 years as committed power generation resources. Unless additional power plants are brought into service quickly, NERC predicts that many parts of the country could fall below targeted capacity margins within two or three years, setting the stage for frequent brownouts and blackouts.
Nearly half of electricity generation in our nation comes from coal-fired power plants. But mounting pressures to lower greenhouse gas emissions have made it more difficult and costly to build these facilities. As a result, natural gas has become the “bridge” fuel of choice for keeping the lights on, at least until new low-emission technologies are developed on a large scale.
Natural gas plants are usually smaller than coal-fired or nuclear plants. They can be built faster, and typically face less public opposition than other power generation options, making them a convenient alternative. But natural
gas also has its drawbacks.
The price of natural gas has tripled since 2002 and jumped 93 percent since August 2007. Price fluctuations combined with limited domestic reserves and a greater reliance on imports make natural gas highly volatile. As more natural gas is used for electricity, electric bills are likely to increase as well.
With so many variables at play, the future of safe, affordable and reliable electricity will depend on public policy decisions made by elected officials. Will Congress adopt quick-fix legislation that drives electricity bills up so high that people are forced to use less, or will it take a more long-term, sustainable path by investing in new technologies that provide long-term solutions to energy concerns?
For all who pay electric bills every month, including those struggling to make ends meet like Helen Mull, allowing American know-how to tackle the problem seems like the obvious solution.
To ensure that electric cooperatives can continue to meet consumer energy needs, co-ops across the country are engaged in a grassroots awareness campaign called “Our Energy, Our Future: A Dialogue With America.” This campaign seeks to engage lawmakers on critical energy questions, such as how to balance growing electricity needs and environmental goals, and how much all of this will impact electric bills.
Please visit www.our
energy.coop to get the conversation started. Affordability should remain the measure by which our elected officials judge any energy legislation.
By Jennifer Taylor who writes on consumer and cooperative affairs for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Sources: National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Electric Power Research Institute, North American Electric Reliability Corporation.
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